Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was born in 1879 at Shikarpur and received his education from Shikarpur High School, Sindh
Madressah, Karachi, D.J. Sindh College, Karachi and Government Law College, Bombay.
After completing his LL.B. in 1902, he started his legal practice in Hyderabad, Sindh. He started his public career as Vice
President of the Hyderabad Municipality. Hidayatullah was also the first non-official President of the Hyderabad District Board. In
1921 he became a Member of the Bombay Legislative Council.
In the same year, he was appointed a Minister in the Bombay Government, an office which he occupied till 1928 when he was made a
Member of the Executive Council of the Governor of Bombay. He served in this capacity till 1934.
As a Minister, Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was associated with the famous 'Sukkur Barrage project' which contributed so much to
the prosperity of Sindh in later years. He was awarded the titles of 'Khan Bahadur', 'Knight' and 'The K.C.S.I.' but renounced all
his titles when the Muslim League in 1946 decided on a policy of renunciation of titles conferred by the British Government.
Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, along with Khan Bahadur Muhammad Ayub Khuhro, Syed Miran Shah and Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, represented
Sindh in the Round Table Conferences in London.
They convinced the Chairman of the 'Committee on Sindh' that Sindh was not to be a deficit province and had sufficient revenue and
administrative capability to be a full fledged province. Sindh was separated from Bombay and its first assembly came into being in
After the separation of Sindh from Bombay Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah became the first Chief Minister and remained so until
1947 with two short breaks when Allah Bux Soomro and Mir Bande Ali Talpur had formed their Governments. Sir Ghulam Hussain became
the Chief Minister of Sindh three times.
In 1938, the Sindh Assembly passed a resolution demanding a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. In 1943, the Sindh
Government became the first Provincial Assembly of the sub-continent to pass an official resolution in favour of the creation of
After independence Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah earned the unique distinction of being the only Pakistani Governor of a Province
in Pakistan as all other Governors were British. This shows the faith and trust the Quaid-e-Azam laid in him.
Within a month of the passing away of the Quaid-e-Azam, Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah the "Grand Old Man of Sindh" died in
Karachi on the October 4, 1948.