Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy was born in 1893 at Midnapore in Bengal.
He received his early education in Calcutta and Madras and
after graduating in science, he went to England where he received his M.A.B.C.L. and Bar-at-Law degrees with distinction. On his
return to India he began his regular legal practice and soon entered politics. He was associated with nearly all the labour
organizations of Calcutta, and was Secretary of the Calcutta Khilafat Committee during the Khilafat Movement. For some time he was
Deputy Mayor of Calcutta. From 1921 to 1947 he remained a Member of the Bengal Assembly. He became a Provincial Minister several
times and held variously the portfolios of commerce, labour, finance, health, rural welfare and food. In 1946 he became the Chief
Minister of Bengal and for a long time he was the main organizer of the Muslim League's election campaign in Bengal. He moved the
historic Resolution at the League Legislators' Convention in 1946, amending the Resolution of 1940.
In 1949 Mr. Suhrawardy founded Awami League. Also in 1949, he was elected a Member of the first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan. On December 20, 1954 he became
Pakistan's Minister of Law and in 1955 he became the Leader of the Opposition to a coalition Government. On December 12, 1956 he
became the fifth Prime Minister of Pakistan. He formed a Cabinet in association with the Republican Party, but resigned after a
crisis eleven months later and became again the Leader of the Opposition.
After the promulgation of Martial law in October 1958, he struggled hard for the restoration of democracy in the country and he
formed the National Democratic Front in 1962. He died on December 5, 1963 at Beirut and was buried at Dhaka.